Number theoretical properties of Romik's dynamical system
Bull. Korean Math. Soc.
Published online July 23, 2019
Byungchul Cha and Dong Han Kim
Muhlenberg College, Dongguk University
Abstract : We study a dynamical system that was originally defined by Romik in 2008 using an old theorem of Berggren concerning Pythagorean triples.
Romik's system is closely related to the Farey map on the unit interval which generates an additive continued fraction algorithm.
We explore some number theoretical properties of the Romik system.
In particular, we prove an analogue of Lagrange's theorem in the case of the Romik system on the unit quarter circle, which states that a point possesses an eventually periodic digit expansion if and only if the point is defined over a real quadratic extension field of rationals.
Keywords : Pythagorean triple; continued fraction; Berggren theorem; Romik system
MSC numbers : Primary: 11J70, secondary: 11A55
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